Electric Cars - Evolution of Mobility
- Cheaper ownership costs
Electric cars offer outstanding long-term value. There are no diesel and petrol costs involved in running an electric car.
- Low cost of maintenance
While a vehicle running on petrol or diesel has more than 100 moving parts, an electric car has only three major components powering it. Depreciation of an electric car is far less than fossil fuel-driven cars. This leads to low maintenance costs.
- Environment friendly
Fully electric cars have zero tailpipe emissions. This leads to a cleaner, better, and greener environment, unlike conventional cars that emit harmful greenhouse gases.
Why switch to electric cars
Who drives an electric car
Electric cars run on renewable energy and there are no health hazards involved. Fossil fuel-powered cars emit gases like carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide. Older cars even emit dark carbon monoxide fumes that cause respiratory problems and diseases like cancer.
Electric car owners can save a lot of money on fuel costs. There’s no need to stand in long queues at fuel stations. Batteries that power electric cars can be charged at home using conventional electricity. Allied costs towards engine oil and coolant can also be waived in electric cars.
Fossil fuel will be eventually exhausted. Petroleum reserves can be held for a longer time by switching to electric cars.
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What makes an electric car work
The battery is the primary source of power in electric cars. These batteries can be charged at home using a conventional power socket. Some automobile manufacturers offer a home-based charging station as part of their electric car package. That aside, some companies have also set up fast charging stations in cities. Electric cars mostly use lithium-ion, lead acid, or nickel metal hydride batteries.
The motor derives the power from the batteries and transfers it to the wheels. The type of motor depends on the car’s voltage. Electric car motors use either DC or AC power. AC motors are both lighter and cheaper than DC units. They depreciate less than DC motors. The AC technology for electric cars, however, requires a more sophisticated motor controller.
The process of charging an electric car is almost like that of a smartphone. Most electric car owners charge their vehicles overnight at home that have a run range of a few hundred kilometers.
Electric Cars in the Philippines
The need for electric cars can’t be overemphasized in any country and the Philippines is no different. But acceptance of electric cars in the Philippines is still at an age where it needs some prodding. There are not enough electric vehicle (EV) charging stations across the metros. Sale of electric cars will increase only when the people spot multiple charging points. EV proliferation in the Philippines, it seems, will take some time.
Companies like Mitsubishi, Nissan, and Hyundai have shown interest in the Philippines EV market. That aside Lexus, Honda, and Toyota are selling hybrid cars in the country.
Since an electric car doesn’t run on conventional fuels, there are no emissions. With global warming rising alarmingly, there’s an urgent need to reduce carbon footprint. Since electricity is renewable energy, greenhouse gases in the atmosphere can be reduced by using EVs.
The recharging time entirely depends on the battery capacity and the charger. The fastest chargers can recharge an EV up to 80 percent in about 30 minutes. The recharging time is expected to come down once more electric cars hit the street.
Electric cars are yet to be mass produced in any country across the world and the Philippines is on similar lines. This is due to the lack of sufficient charging stations and the time taken to recharge an electric car’s battery. While people in the Philippines are aware of the benefits of an electric car, mass production is unlikely to happen unless the government offers incentives and/or subsidies to manufacturers. The government has already started using EVs for public transportation.
Electric cars don’t use oils. Some mid-range cars use coolants for the main motor and the battery unit.
EVs are being used for local transportation in Metro Manila. With a steady increase of inbound tourists, electric cars and tricycles can be spotted in popular tourism spots like Palawan and Boracay. Electric jeeps can also be seen in major urban centers.
The Philippines government has issued an executive order which supports the manufacture and sale of EVs. It has also brought down import duties on components to encourage the EV industry.
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